Ontologies in support of human activities in geographical space

W. Kuhn. Ontologies in support of activities in geographical space. International Journal of activities in geographical space, 15(7):613–631, 2001.

The climax of this paper is that information system ontologies contain a view of the world that has less to do with human activities than with data holdings. The paper postulates that in order to make geographical information more useful and usable, ontologies should be designed with a focus on human activities. The author suggests that the entities admitted in the ontology should be defined by the task or activities supported in the GIS. The second step, which the author calls grounding, is the process of selecting which activities are are relevant to the user in a particular domain. Simplifying the steps of the method: a) selection or production of natural language text describing activities in a domain; b) extraction of the actions from the verbs of the text; c) Identification of the object classes affording these actions from the nouns; d) Ordering of these actions according to entailment relations among the verbs; e) production of the action hierarchy. In conclusion, this paper presents a well formed bibliography in the field of ontologies in supports of activities in geographical space.